Agriculture Business

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Laos – Strengths And Weaknesses

Laos is one of the poorest countries in all of Southeast Asia with a great percentage of its people in poverty. It’s wedged in between two vastly larger and vastly more successful countries, leaving it in the dust in terms of economical growth and prosperity of its people. Laos has been fighting and gaining political independence, breaking free from its French Protectorate roots in 1949. Its civil war also brought it political freedom from communism in 1975. Laos is probably most familiar to Americans due to its role in the Vietnam War.

Laos is and always has been heavily dependent on its neighbors. Cities continue to grow due to trade but one of the biggest issues plaguing the country is its lack of infrastructure, a major weakness. There are hardly any railways to allow for the transportation of goods and, even though the major roadways have gotten paved in the past few years, most of the country is still only accessible through unpaved roadways. Communication also poses a problem as most of the area, outside of the major urban development, is inaccessible even to electricity, a weakness both to visitors and its citizens.

One of the major sources of pride to Laos is the Lao Brewery. There are 3 types of beer produced, all varying shades of the name Beerlao. Beerlao has actually grown in popularity across the globe and at the moment has 12 countries of export. This list is increasing and the effects are also helping to increase the country’s economy as a whole. Most of the GDP is still in the form of subsistence agriculture, equating for more than half and also provides 80% of the employment in the country. The government has been utilizing reforms and developing things such as International Rice Research Institute, one of the great strengths.

How could we get blended solutions for our agriculture when affecting the soil and climate

There are various factors involved in agriculture. Listed below are Physical Conditions along with the books to refer about them. Physical conditions that affecting agriculture are 1. Soils and Fertilizers The richness of the soil is a very important physical factor affecting agriculture. Soils differ in respect of chemical composition and physical. Soils may be fine or coarse, porous or non-porous. In general fine soils like loam or silt are very fertile. The chemical composition of the soil determines its productivity. Sustainability of agricultural systems is a major global concern due to population growth and a number of environmental factors. The key to the management of soil fertility and also impart a scrupulous understanding of plant nutrition, soil fertility, nutrients supplied through fertilizers and manures, manufacture of fertilizers and preparation of manures play a vital role. During recent decades of research by a large group of agricultural scientists working in the diagnostic field, many new methods have been devised to aid farmers in fertilizing their crops more effectively. A major objective of this book is to bring together in one volume a comprehensive discussion of both the underlying theory and the practical application of these various techniques. To attain that objective, the services of a group of distinguished Scientists were enlisted to prepare the various chapters. These scientists are outstanding in their respective spheres of work, both as to theory and as to practice. 2. Climate Climate change is a hard reality and changing weather patterns, retreating glaciers, polar ice melt, sea level rise, increased severity and occurrence of natural disasters like flood, super cyclone, drought, changes in hydrological cycles, crisis in freshwater and drinking water resources, uncertainty in cereal output, increasing vector borne diseases, changing migration pattern and flowering time, are just some of the consequences already being experienced by us. Fragile and delicate ecosystems like coral reefs and mangroves are extremely sensitive to the slightest variation in climate. In developing countries like India, climate change may contribute an additional burden on ecological and socio-economic systems associated with rapid urbanization, industrialization and economic development. Apart from the above physical condition Agriculture Engineers must have the knowledge of Basics of Agriculture to perform the services in their respective field. The scientific approach for understanding of the problems concerning soil, plants, agricultural equipments and their management is really important. Another aspect is Rainwater harvesting which is a technique for accumulating and storing of rainwater, channelized to flow to the ponds, lakes and over- and underground storage places, which can be used not only to recharge the groundwater, but also to provide drinking water, for irrigation, livestock as well as other typical uses given to water. The rainwater is collected from various hard surfaces such as roof tops and/or other types of manmade above ground hard surfaces. Rainwater harvesting also aids in keeping the village roads from getting slushy during the rains and maintaining the transport mobility and prevent flooding in some urban areas. http://www.astralint.com/indian-books/state-of-the-art-report-on-sustainable-rainwater-harvesting-and-groundwater-rechare-in-developing-countiresnam-sandt-cen/isbn-9788170357704.aspx

For more books on agriculture visit http://www.astralint.com/indian-books/basics-of-agriculture-for-engineers-pbk/isbn-9789351242604.aspx

Guyana Real Estate Listings Are Highly Lucrative In Long-term

Guyana is the third smallest nation in South America, after Uruguay and Suriname. The population is around 770,000, with ethnic groups from India, Europe, Africa, China, and Aboriginals. The official language is English, though Creole is also widely used. Georgetown is the capital of Guyana. Agriculture, mining of gold and bauxite, minerals, shrimps, and timber support the Guyana economy. Unfortunately, the country faces serious shortage of skilled labor and the infrastructure is quite deficient. Still, the growth rate had been about 3% or more in the last 3 years. Since many daily life products are imported, cost of living is comparatively higher in Guyana.

Guyana real estate market mainly consists of residential Guyana real estate for sale, commercial properties, and vacation properties. International investors should become familiar with the procedures of buying, selling, exchanging, or renting of real estate in Guyana, to utilize the opportunities offered by this enchanting nation. Residential Guyana real estate listings normally include single family homes that are generally around 3,600 sq. ft. as built up area, excluding terraces and balconies. Guest houses having two large double rooms with shower and another 5 double rooms are the norm. Most guest houses come fully furnished. The prices of such large guest houses range from $200,000 to $250,000.

Guyana real estate commercial properties consist of hotels, inns, lodges, motels, restaurants, office spaces, warehouses, store fronts, and other types of commercial buildings. Guyana vacation properties vary widely in range and size. They are comprised of single family homes, apartments, duplexes, condos, triplexes, townhouses, bungalows, cottages, cabins, mansions, chateaus, villas, manufactured homes, timeshares, vacant lands, and even small islands. International real estate investors could use the services of real estate attorneys, agents and brokers, counselors, salespersons, appraisers, and mortgage brokers. The ideal solution would be the employment of a qualified and reliable real estate attorney, well versed in Guyana real estate laws, throughout the purchase or rental process and use an appraiser in the final stages to value the property in proper fashion. Real estate agents and brokers would assist in purchase, sale, exchange, or rental of properties for a fixed commission.

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